There are inherent risks associated with the Fund’s principal investment strategies. The factors that are most likely to have a material effect on a particular Fund’s investment portfolio as a whole are called “principal risks.” The principal risks of the Fund are summarized in the Fund’s “Summary Section” and further described following the table. The Fund may be subject to additional risks other than those described because the types of investment made by the Fund may change over time. For additional information regarding risks of investing in the Fund, please see the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information.
Cognios Market Neutral Large Cap Fund
Stock Market Risk — The value of the Fund’s assets will fluctuate as the equity market fluctuates, although the Beta-adjusted market neutral focus of the Fund should reduce the effect of general market fluctuations on the valuation of the Fund as a whole. The value of the Fund’s long and short investments each may decline, and each may decline in value at the same time, sometimes rapidly and unpredictably, simply because of economic changes or other events that affect large portions of the market.
Borrowing and Leverage Risk — The Fund may use borrowings for investment purposes subject to applicable statutory or regulatory requirements. Borrowings by the Fund result in leveraging of the Fund’s assets. Additionally, the Fund’s short positions add financial leverage to the Fund similar to borrowings. Utilization of leverage involves certain risks to the Fund’s shareholders. These include the potential for higher volatility of the net asset value (“NAV”) of the Fund’s shares and the relatively greater effect of portfolio holdings on the NAV of the shares. So long as the Fund is able to realize a net return on its investment portfolio that is higher than the interest expense paid on borrowings, the effect of leverage will be to cause the Fund’s shareholders to realize a higher current net investment income than if the Fund were not leveraged. If the interest expense on borrowings approaches the net return on the Fund’s investment portfolio, the benefit of leverage to the Fund’s shareholders will be reduced. If the interest expense on borrowings was to exceed the net return to shareholders, the Fund’s use of leverage would result in a lower rate of return. Similarly, there could be a greater decrease in NAV because of the effect of leverage when there is a detrimental diversion in the performance of the long book versus the short book. In an extreme case, if the Fund’s current investment income were not sufficient to meet the interest expense on borrowings, it could be necessary for the Fund to liquidate certain of its investments, thereby reducing its NAV.
Short Sale Risk — The Fund may not always be able to close out a short position on favorable terms. Short sales involve the risk that the Fund will incur a loss by subsequently buying a security at a higher price than the price at which it sold the security short. The amount of such loss is theoretically unlimited (since it is limited only by the increase in value of the security sold short by the Fund). In contrast, the risk of loss from a long position is limited to the Fund’s investment in the long position, since its value cannot fall below zero. Short selling is a form of leverage. To mitigate leverage risk, the Fund will always hold liquid assets (including its long positions) at least equal to its short position exposure, marked-to-market daily.
Management Risk — The Fund is subject to management risk because it is an actively managed investment fund. The Adviser will apply its investment techniques and risk analyses in making investment decisions. The Adviser also relies on its own quantitative models, which depend upon complex mathematical calculations and the correctness of certain historical data. There is no guarantee that the Adviser’s techniques, including the models, will produce the intended results.
Sector Risk — Companies with similar characteristics may be grouped together in broad categories called sectors. Sector risk is the possibility that a certain sector may perform differently than other sectors or as the market as a whole. Although the Fund does not intend to concentrate its investments in any particular sector or sectors, the Fund may, from time to time, emphasize investments in one or more sectors, such as, for example, the technology or healthcare sectors. Market conditions, interest rates and economic, regulatory or financial developments could significantly affect all the securities in a single sector. If the Fund invests in a few sectors, it may have increased relative exposure to the price movements of those sectors.
Asset Segregation Risk — Under applicable law, the Fund must segregate liquid assets in connection with certain short positions, and as a consequence, such portions of the Fund’s portfolio may not be available for investment, which may in turn affect the Fund’s returns.
Cognios Large Cap Value Fund
An investment in the Value Fund is subject to investment risks, including the possible loss of some or all of the principal amount invested. There can be no assurance that the Value Fund will be successful in meeting its investment objective. Generally, the Value Fund will be subject to the following additional risks:
Market risk — Market risk refers to the risk that the value of securities in the Value Fund’s portfolio may decline due to daily fluctuations in the securities markets, including fluctuation in interest rates, national and international economic conditions and general equity market conditions.
Equity securities risk — The prices of equity securities fluctuate based on changes in a company’s activities and financial condition and in overall market conditions. The Value Fund’s investments in equity securities expose it to sudden and unpredictable drops in value and the potential for extended periods of lackluster performance.
Management style risk — The Value Fund intends to invest in stocks that the Adviser believes are undervalued and the Value Fund’s performance may at times be better or worse than that of similar funds with other focuses or that have a broader investment style. There is no guarantee that the Adviser’s investment techniques and risk analyses, including its reliance on quantitative models, will produce the intended results.
Sector risk — Sector risk is the possibility that a certain sector may perform differently than other sectors or as the market as a whole. Although the Value Fund does not intend to concentrate its investments in any particular sector or sectors, the Value Fund may, from time to time, emphasize investments in one or more sectors. If the Value Fund invests in a few sectors, it may have increased relative exposure to the price movements of those sectors.
New Fund risk — The Value Fund commenced operations in 2016. Accordingly, investors in the Value Fund bear the risk that the Value Fund may not be successful in implementing its investment strategy.
Value securities risk — Value stocks are those that appear to be underpriced based upon valuation measures. Investments in value-oriented securities may expose the Value Fund to the risk of underperformance during periods when value stocks do not perform as well as other kinds of investments or market averages.